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Child Nutrition: Ins and Outs

Start Date: 07-12-2019
End Date: 31-12-2022
Malnutrition can cause several ailments in children and hinder their growth and development. Here are a few tips on how to ensure optimum nutrition for children.
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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

There is a critical window of opportunity to prevent undernutrition by taking care of the nutrition of children in the first two years of life, girls during adolescence, and mothers during pregnancy and lactation – when proven nutrition interventions offer children the best chance to survive and reach optimal growth and development.

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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

Key IssuesUndernutrition jeopardizes children’s survival, health, growth and development, and it slows national progress towards development goals. Undernutrition is often an invisible problem.

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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

Only one third (33 per cent) Indian children receive any service from an anganwadi centre; less than 25per cent receive supplementary foods through ICDS; and only 18 per cent have their weights measured in an AWC.
(Source NFHS 3, 2005-2006)

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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

Only 20 per cent children age 6-23 months are fed appropriately according to all three recommended practices for infant and young child feeding.
70 per cent children age 6- 59 months are anaemic. Children of mothers who are severely anaemic are seven times as likely to be severely anaemic as children of mothers who are not anaemic.
Only half (51 per cent) of households use adequately iodized salt.

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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

Children from scheduled tribes have the poorest nutritional status on almost every measure and the high prevalence of wasting in this group (28 per cent) is of particular concern.
India has the highest number of low birth weight babies per year at an estimated 7.4 million.
Only 25 per cent of newborns were put to the breast within one hour of birth.
Less than half of children (46 per cent) under six months of age are exclusively breastfed.

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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

Undernutrition is more common for children of mothers who are undernourished themselves (i.e. body mass index below 18.5) than for children whose mothers are not undernourished.

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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

Undernutrition is substantially higher in rural than in urban areas. Short birth intervals are associated with higher levels of undernutrition.

The per centage of children who are severely underweight is almost five times higher among children whose mothers have no education than among children whose mothers have 12 or more years of schooling.

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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

Fast FactsIn India 20 per cent of children under five years of age suffer from wasting due to acute undernutrition. More than one third of the world’s children who are wasted live in India.

Forty three per cent of Indian children under five years are underweight and 48 per cent (i.e. 61 million children) are stunted due to chronic undernutrition, India accounts for more than 3 out of every 10 stunted children in the world.

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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

With persistently high levels of undernutrition in the developing world, vital opportunities to save millions of lives are being lost, and many more millions of children are not growing and developing to their full potential.Nutrition is a core pillar of human development and concrete, large-scale programming not only can reduce the burden of undernutrition and deprivation in countries but also can advance the progress of nations.

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Bhawna 10 months 1 week ago

The level of child undernutrition remains unacceptable throughout the world, with 90 per cent of the developing world’s chronically undernourished (stunted) children living in Asia and Africa.

Detrimental and often undetected until severe, undernutrition undermines the survival, growth and development of children and women, and diminishes the strength and capacity of nations.